[AMRadio] boat anchors heathkit etc

Jim Wilhite w5jo at brightok.net
Thu Jun 22 22:42:47 EDT 2006

Good advice Phil.  I am finishing an electrical restoration of a WRL Globe 
Champion 300A at the moment.  I replaced all electrolytics save one.  It is 
a 3 section 10 uf. 500 volt electrolytic.  To be sure of it, I disconnected 
it from the circuit and used a Sprague TO 6 cap checker to see how leaky it 
was.  The transmitter hasn't been used for years but the cap formed quite 
nicely, reaching better than new specifications.

Watch for any TO 4,5 or 6 at hamfests.  Last year I found a T0 4 for 10 
dollars.  I replaced some caps (electrolytic and paper) in it, and it worked 
very well.  Not only will it check value and leakage but will also check 
power factor.  That is important as well.

The Globe Champion had 4 Selenium rectifiers in it, which I replaced.  I 
don't want one of them to short and fill the room with that horrible smell. 
One set was in the bias circuit, in which I put a zener.  While you are 
there check the resistors.  In this set, I found two out of tolerance in the 
audio chain.  Both were cathode resistors in the second and third stages.

Another thing is to check for modifications and replacement parts.  I 
reverse all mods to get it going as the factory shipped and while looking, 
found a resistor that had been replaced at some time with a wrong value.  It 
would work, but who knows how long.  I was fortunate with this set and since 
it did not have the AX 9909s, I modified it for 5894s.  It is almost ready 
to make RF and put on the air.  The VFO and buffer stage work fine.  I hear 
it in my receiver.

All in all, this has been fun.  Treat them with respect and they will give 
mucho enjoyment.

73  Jim

> The safest thing to do when you decide to apply power to an old rig (after
> inspecting it carefully for frayed or burned wiring, obviously damaged
> parts, and other such problems) is to connect a 100 watt light bulb in
> series with the rig. If you have a Variac (variable autotransformer) for
> gradually bringing up the line voltage, so much the better. If any filter
> capacitors or solid state rectifiers are shorted, the bulb will glow to 
> full
> brightness and you won't blow any fuses or burn anything. Bringing up the
> voltage slowly will allow electrolytic filter capacitors to "form". It is
> usually a good idea to "shotgun" such capacitors, as they do deteriorate
> with age.
> I made up a test jig in a box with a standard light socket in series with 
> a
> receptacle. It has saved me a lot of grief.
> Phil K2PG

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