[AMRadio] AM Transmitter "quality"


David Knepper collinsradio at comcast.net
Sun Sep 20 17:31:15 EDT 2009


Don, et al. my audiologist told me that when I get my new hearing aid, I can
hear way past 10,000 cycles.  I cannot wait to hear those expanded
frequencies coming from enhanced audio modulators.  Bring it on!!  And, who
said that growing old doesn't have its advantages!

David Knepper, W3ST-W3CRA
Publisher of the Collins Journal and 
Secretary to the 
Collins Radio Association
www.collinsra.com
 
-------Original Message-------
 
From: D. Chester
Date: 9/20/2009 1:44:12 AM
To: amradio at mailman.qth.net
Subject: Re: [AMRadio] AM Transmitter "quality"
 
> I don't need to send or hear anything above and below about 100 Hz to 4000
> Hz, but extending the response well beyond those points cleans up the
> audio
> to those points.
> If you build a rig that only goes 300 to 2800, the distortion at 300 and
> 2800 is usually high.
 
> Brett  N2DTS
 
The old UTC linear standard series catalogues recommend transformers to have
a flat response at least one octave above and one octave below the target
frequency response, to bring phase shift distortion to an acceptable level.
To achieve reasonably good audio quality at the legendary 300-3000~
frequency range, your audio chain needs to be capable of flat response, at
the very minimum, from 150 to 6000 Hz.  This is necessary to preserve the
original audio waveform, and substantially reduces listener fatigue.
 
Using broadcast quality audio transformers  (UTC LS- series or better) and
"hi-fi" circuit design without negative feedback, my homebrew transmitters
test flat and relatively distortion-free  from about 40~ to 11,000~.  That
means they are really optimum only for 80-5500 Hz.  That explains why so
many vintage AM broadcast transmitters were designed with such a
tremendously wide frequency response, 30-15K or better, even though everyone
knew there were few, if any, AM receivers in existence with anywhere near
that good a frequency response.  The designers were actually shooting for an
optimum range of about 60-7500 Hz, pretty much typical for a good quality AM
broadcast signal.  I recall  when I was working in broadcast engineering in
the mid-60's, the bare-bones minimum acceptable standard for an FCC proof of
performance was 100Hz  to somewhere between 5000 and 7500 Hz. I forget now
if the exact high frequency number was 5, 6 or 7.5K.
 
Don k4kyv
 
 
 
 
 
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